Data Loss Prevention: Strategies and Software
Information security policies and tools are primarily designed to keep attackers out. Externally focused tools like firewalls and intrusion detection systems work to prevent unauthorized users from gaining entry to the network. In contrast, data loss and data leak prevention (DLP) policies and tools are designed to keep data inside. The biggest threat to data security comes from internal users, so DLP strategies implement tools and policies to ensure that users access only the data they need to perform their job functions and don’t unnecessarily expose it outside the corporate network.
Compliance regulations such as the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the California Consumer Privacy Act require organizations to maintain tight control over customer data. The significant financial penalties for failing to protect data lead many organizations to adopt DLP solutions.